Influence of administrative practices on students’ academic performance in public primary schools in Rwanda, A case of Nyarugenge District


  • Nyiragatesi Emmerance MED Student, Mount Kenya University
  • Hesbon Opiyo Andala Senior Lecturer, Mount Kenya University



Administrative Practices, Students’ Academic Performance, Primary schools, Academic Performance, Public primary school


The purpose of this research was to investigate impact of school administration’ practices on   students’ academic performance public primary schools in Rwanda, Case of Nyarugenge district, Rwanda. This research was supported with Human Capital Theory and Henry Fayol’s Theory of Management. The researcher used descriptive research design for data collections. The participants were students, teachers, Head teachers and parents. All respondents were 1456 including 56Headteachers, 280 teachers and 1120 students from public primary schools of Nyarugenge district, Rwanda.The findings revealed a significant correlation with a p-value of 0.000, which is less than the typical significance level of 0.05, indicating a very strong positive correlation. This high degree of positive correlation was further substantiated by the Karl Pearson correlation coefficient (r), which was calculated to be 0.909 means that the schools’ administration practices is highly appreciated to enhance students ‘academic performance. The findings indicated that all variables are coherent with the students ‘academic performance affected with different school administration practices as it is shown by the regression analysis model with Square of 0.826 means that the school administration practices were appreciated to enhance students ‘academic performance. Recommendation was made that Ministry of education should allocate additional funds to public primary schools, focusing on improving infrastructure, learning resources, and teacher training programs. Ministry of education should develop and implement policies that promote effective school administration practices, including incentives for schools that demonstrate improvement in academic performance. Rwanda basic education board should develop and disseminate clear guidelines and best practices for school administration, emphasizing the importance of creating a positive learning environment. Rwanda basic education board should encourage schools to adopt data-driven decision-making processes to identify areas for improvement and track progress. Headteachers should attend leadership training programs to enhance managerial and instructional leadership skills. Headteachers should foster a culture of collaborative planning among teachers, ensuring that curriculum development and implementation align with student needs.


Download data is not yet available.


Babyegeya &Colin, 2006). A handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. London, Britain: Kogan Page Press.

Cooper, R. D. and Schindler, P. (2000). Business Research Methods, Boston Massachusetts: McGraw Hill

Crowther, F., S.Kaggan, S., Ferguson, M., & Hann, L. (2002). Developing TeacherLeadership: Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press. Cox, C. J., & Cooper, C. L. (1988). High flyers: An anatomy of managerial success. New York: Blackwell.

Dan Goleman & Cooper, C. L. (2000). High flyers: An anatomy of managerial success. New York: Blackwell

Darling, L. et al (2007). Preparing School Leaders for a Changing World: Lessons from

Exemplary Leadership Programs. Stanford University.

Davis B. and Oslon H. (2005). Management Information Systems; 14th Edition, New Delhi: Mcgraw- Hill

ElimuYetu Coalition. (2003). Reform Agenda for Education Sector in Kenya, Nairobi: Commonwealth Education Fund

Eyre E. C. (1993). Mastering Basic Management, London McMillan

Fayol, H. (1983). “General and Industrial Management”, in G. A. Cole, Management

Theory and Practice. Essex: SpottishwordBallantre Ltd.

Hoque, Kamble &, Olorisade, 2011, Bush, (2007) “College grades and adult achievement: A Research Synthesis.”Research in Higher Education. London: RougtledgeFalmer

Julius, K. N. (2012). Teachers’ perceptions of Head teachers’ human skills practice in Secondary School Management and how this influence their work commitment. The case of Baringo District, Kenya.Nairobi: East African Education Publishers Limited

Kibue, S. B., Ashreya, M. B,(2004). Cost studies in Strategic Management, New Delhi: MacGraw Hill.

Kombo, D.K. and Tromp, D.L. (2006) Proposal and Thesis Writing, Nairobi: PaulinesPublications Africa

MacDonald , & Rosen, B. (2007). The leader-member exchange as a link between managerial trust and employee empowerment. Group & OrganizationManagement,. The Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship,26(1) in radical change

Mosha &Kamete (2014). “Theory and Practice of School Based Management for Schooleffectiveness” in A. Valorsky and I. A. Freudman (Eds), School Based

Management: An International Perspective, Jerusalem: Ministry of Education

Mugenda, O.M. and Mugenda, A.G. (1999). Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches, Nairobi: Acts Press

Mujtaba, G. B., Luk, D. M., Murphy, E. F. Jr., &Saowakul, W. (2009). The Cultural Value Rankings of Respondents in Thailand, Hong Kong and Afghanistan: Is There A Convergence or Divergence of Values? International Journal of Business and Public Administration.

Nandi, T. (2004). An Assessment of the Skills Needed by School Management Teams to enhance their ability to Manage School Effectively, Nairobi: Oxford University Press

Newton, E. H. (1993). Journal of Educational administrations. London: MCB Publishers.

Nzomo, N. (1978). Education for Executive Jobs, Nairobi: Kenya Literature Bureau

Okumbe, J. A. (1998). Educational Management. Nairobi, Nairobi University Press

Olorisade and Tuytens M (2006). Improving School Leadership, Policy and Practice

Saleemi N.A. (2008). Statistics Simplified, Nairobi: Saleemi Publishers

Saleemi, N. A. and Bogonko J. B. (2008). Management (Principles and Practice), Nairobi: N.A. Saleemi Publishers

Syarwani, A., (2012). The influence of management capabilities to the effectiveness of school implementation. International Journal of Economics Business and Management Studies Indonesia.

Tirrozzi, E. (2004). Analyzing Leadership Behavior of School Principals'", Educational Research Conference. Florida: Point Everda.

Tony, B., (2007). Educational leadership and management theory, Polity, and practice. South African Journal of Edu then, B.R., Borg, W.R., and White, K.R., (1993), Measurement and Evaluation in the School, New York Longma




How to Cite

Emmerance, N., and H. O. Andala. “Influence of Administrative Practices on students’ Academic Performance in Public Primary Schools in Rwanda, A Case of Nyarugenge District”. International Journal of Management and Development Studies, vol. 13, no. 5, May 2024, pp. 01-16, doi:10.53983/ijmds.v13n5.001.