Engagement of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) with Corporate Sector in Implementing CSR Projects: Experiences from Karnataka, India


  • Indira Mahendravada ICSSR Senior Fellow Department of Studies in Economics and Cooperation, University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India




Mandatory CSR, partnerships, engagement, NGOs


The introduction of mandatory CSR with the “Chatterjee Model” has provided the necessary fillip and visibility to the partnerships between the corporate sector and NGOs.  The development sector in India witnessed a significant change with the introduction of mandatory CSR. CSR funds became a major source of funding for the NGOs. In this context, the present study tries to understand the nature of emerging partnerships between NGOs and the corporate sector, the motivational factors and different dimensions from the NGO perspective. It is a descriptive exploratory study based on the purposively selected NGOs in Mysore and Bangalore districts of Karnataka. The study reveals that NGOs are engaging with companies mainly for accessing financial resources. Since the companies are having control over finances, companies lead the partnerships. There is good communication between NGOs and their business partners. Transformative changes are observed in some NGOs by improving their capabilities. Suggestions are made based on the study to realize maximum collaborative social value from the engagements. 


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Indira Mahendravada, ICSSR Senior Fellow Department of Studies in Economics and Cooperation, University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India

The author served as a Professor of Economics in the Department of Studies in Economics and Cooperation, University of Mysore, Mysore, Karnataka, India for several years. Presently she is working on understanding the cross-sector partnerships between the corporate sector and the voluntary sector in the context of mandatory CSR in India as ICSSR Senior Fellow in the same department.


Austin, J. E. (2000). The collaboration challenge: How nonprofits and business succeed through strategic alliances. Jossey-Bass.

Austin, J. E. (2000a). Strategic Collaboration Between Nonprofits and Business. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 29(1):69-97. DOI: 10.1177/089976400773746346

Baur, D., &Schmitz, H. P.(2012). Corporations and NGOs: When accountability leads to co-optation. Journal of Business Ethics, 106(1), 9–21. http://www.jstor.org/stable/41413241. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-011-1057-9

Byiers, B., Guadagno, F., &Karaki,K.(2016). How to assess CSO-business partnerships for development [Briefing note].https://nutritionconnect.org/sites/default/files/uploads/resources/2019-04/How%20to%20Assess%20CSO-Business%20Partnerships%20For%20Development%2C%20Briefing%20Note.pdf. European Centre for Development PolicyManagement.

Civicus. (2017). State of civil society report. https://www.civicus.org/index.php/state-of-civil-society-report-2017, 2017.

Elbers, W.(2004). Doing Business with Business: Development NGOs interacting with the corporate sector. CIDINCenter for International Developmentissues Nijmegen.

Hede Skagerlind, H. H., Westman, M., &Berglund, H. (2015). Corporate social responsibility through cross-sector partnerships: Implications for civil society, the State, and the Corporate Sector in India. Business and Society Review, 120(2), 245–275. https://doi.org/10.1111/basr.12055

Indira, M., &Joshi, S.(2012). An Enquiry into the complementarity between the Government and NGO interventions in improving the capabilities of Women in Rural India, unpublished report supported by Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi.

Indira.(2018). Nongovernmental organizations: Theory and practice, UPE Focus area II. University of Mysore, Mysore

Kourula, A., & Halme, M. (2008). Types of corporate responsibility and engagement with NGOs: An exploration of business and societal outcomes. Corporate Governance, 8(4), 557–570. https://doi.org/10.1108/14720700810899275

ManpowerGroup.(2012). ManpowerGroup and veritere lease ethical framework to combat human trafficking and forced labor in cross-border recruitment. https://investor.manpowergroup.com/news-releases/news-release-details/manpowergroup-and-verite-release-ethical-framework-combat-human

Molina-Gallart, N. (2014). Strange bedfellows? NGO–corporate relations in international development: An NGO perspective. Development Studies Research, 1(1), 42–53. https://doi.org/10.1080/21665095.2014.915617

The Partnerships Resource Centre. (2011). The state of the partnerships report – NGOs (2011). https://www.academia.edu/33671843/The_State_of_Partnerships_Report_2011_NGOs

Skagerlind, H. H., Westman, M., & Berglund, H. (2015). Corporate Social Responsibility through Cross-sector Partnerships: Implications for Civil Society, the State, and the Corporate Sector in India. Business and Society Review, 120(2), 245-275. https://doi.org/10.1111/basr.12055

SOS children villages. (2011). Changing Trends in Business—‐NGO Relationships in India – Evolving patterns and emerging opportunities to maximize the benefits of innovative collaboration, written by Joanna Pyres. https://thepartneringinitiative.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/BizNGO_India1.pdf.The Partnering Initiative, United Kingdom.

Van Tulder, R., &Pfisterer, S.(2013). Creating partnership space: Exploring the right fit for sustainable development partnerships. In M. M. Seitanidi&A. Crane(Eds.), Social partnerships and responsible business. A research handbook (pp. 105–125). Routledge.

World Economic Forum. (2013). The future role of civil society.http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_FutureRoleCivilSociety_Report_2013.pdf




How to Cite

Indira, M. “Engagement of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) With Corporate Sector in Implementing CSR Projects: Experiences from Karnataka, India”. International Journal of Management and Development Studies, vol. 12, no. 02, Feb. 2023, pp. 38-51, doi:10.53983/ijmds.v12n02.006.