Evaluation of Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP) in Samnapur Block of Madhya Pradesh


  • Abhishek Pandey Block Programme Manager - MP SRLM, Madhya Pradesh




Evaluation, Local area development, Self-Help Groups, Start-ups, Village entrepreneurship


Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP) is one of the world’s most extensive village entrepreneurship programmes to transform rural India into an entrepreneurial hub. This paper performs the first impact evaluation of this scheme in one of the implementing blocks of Madhya Pradesh. The study uses mixed-method research to complete the programmatic, quantitative and qualitative analysis, thereby highlighting the bottlenecks in the existing policy from the grassroots. As per the quantitative analysis, the scheme has achieved a 45.3 per cent decrease in migration. 84.2 per cent of respondents reported an increase in monthly food consumption, and 53.5 per cent of respondents reported improvement in their socio-economic condition. Moreover, the case narratives and cross-case analysis provide the beneficiaries' perception of the scheme and how SVEP has created an entrepreneurial attitude among women. The study also focuses on delivering programmatic suggestions to overcome the scheme's bottlenecks and build a rural startup ecosystem.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Abhishek Pandey, Block Programme Manager - MP SRLM, Madhya Pradesh

Mr. Abhishek Pandey has completed Post-graduation in Development Studies and a Masters in Public Policy. He has experience of working with state governments on development schemes in the sector of livelihoods, public health, education, climate sustainability, and gender. He has also worked on implementing behavioural science interventions in resolving developmental issues. He is an aspiring public policy professional who wants to excel in the domain of public policy and contribute to the development of effective policies in India for socio-economic and climate improvements.


Aggarwal, A. 2018. 'Rural Entrepreneurship Development' – An Emerging Paradigm for Rural Economic Development Through Entrepreneurship in India. ERPN: Other Communities (Sub-Topic).

Antonic, B. 2006. Intrapreneurship: A comparative structural equation modeling study. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 137(3), 309–325.

Baumol, W. J. 1990. Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive, and Destructive. Journal of Political Economy 98(5), 893–921.

Bharti, N. 2014. Financial System Approaches to Microenterprise Development: A Comparison of SHG Bank Linkage and MFI Model in Maharashtra. International Journal of Rural Management, 10(2), 121-145.

Cantillon, R. 1755. Essai sur la nature du commerce en general. London: Fetcher Gyler.

Cochran, T.C. 1968. Entrepreneurship. In Sills, D.L. (Ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. London and New York: The Macmillan Co. & The Free Press, 87-91.

Cole, A. H. 1946. An approach to the study of entrepreneurship: A tribute to Edwin F. Gay. The Journal of Economic History, 6(S1), 1–15. https://dx.doi. org/10.1017/S0022050700052876

Creswell, J.W. 2015. A concise introduction to mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Daneke, G. A. 1989. Technological Entrepreneurship as a Focal Point of Economic Development Policy: A Conceptual Re-Assessment. Policy Studies Journal 17(3), 643–655.

Dhameja, S. K., Bhatia, B. S., & Saini, J. S. 2000. Women Entrepreneurs–Their Perceptions, About Business Opportunities and Attitudes towards Entrepreneurial Support Agencies (A study of Haryana State). Small Enterprises Development Management Extension Journal, 27(4), 37-50.

Drucker, P. 1986. Innovation and entrepreneurship, practice and principles. Pan Books, London, 9-10.

Gupta, D. D. 2013. The effect of gender on women-led small enterprises: The case of India. South Asian Journal of Business and Management Cases, 2(1), 61-75.

Hagen, E. 1960. The entrepreneurs as rebel against traditional society. Human Organization, 19(4),185-187.

Hannafey, F. T. 2003. Entrepreneurship and Ethics: A Literature Review. Journal of Business Ethics, 46(2), 99–110.

Ireland, R., Kuratko, D., Morris, H. 2006. A health audit for corporate entrepreneurship: Innovation at all levels. Journal of Business Strategy, 27(91), 10–17.

Ivankova, N.V., & Stick, S.L. 2007. Students’ persistence in a distributed doctoral program in educational leadership in higher education: A mixed methods study. Research in Higher Education, 48(1), 93–135.

Jerinabi, U., & Santhiyavalli, G. 2001. Empowerment of Women through Convergence Technology. Delhi Business Review, 2(2).

Keeble, D. et al. 1992. Performance of Rural Enterprise. HMSO, London.

Kirchhoff, B. A. 1991. Entrepreneurship’s Contribution to Economics. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 16, 93–112.

Knight, F. H. 1921. Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. Boston and New-York: Houghton Mifflin.

Leff, N. H. 1978. Industrial Organisation and Entrepreneurship in the Developing Countries: The Economic Groups. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 26(4), 661-675.

Leff, N. H. 1979. Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: The Problem Revisited. Journal of Economic Literature, 17(1), 46-64.

Leibenstein, H. 1968. Entrepreneurship and development. American Economic Review, 58(2), 72-83.

Malhotra, M., Chen, M.Y., Criscuolo, A., Fan, Q., Hamel, I.I. and Savchenko, Y. 2006. Expanding Access to Finance: Good Practices and Policies for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, World Bank, Washington, DC.

Moriano, J. A., Gorgievski, M., Laguna, M., Stephan, U., & Zarafshani, K. 2012. A cross-cultural approach to understanding entrepreneurial intention. Journal of Career Development, 39(2), 162–185. https://dx.doi. org/10.1177/0894845310384481

Osborne, R. L. 1994. Second Phase Entrepreneurship: Breaking Through the Growth Wall. Business Horizons (January–February), 80–86.

Petrin, T. 1992. Partnership and Institution Building as Factors in Rural Development. Paper presented at the 6th Session of the FAO / ECA Working Party on Women and the Agricultural Family in Rural Development, Innsbruck, Austria, 13 – 16 October.

Ramalingam, C. and Gayatri, R. 2009. A Framework for Development of Rural Entrepreneurship in Tamilnadu using Innovation as strategic Tool. Faculty Column Main Page, St. Peter’s University, Chennai, India

Ratten, V. 2014. Encouraging collaborative entrepreneurship in developing countries: the current challenges and a research agenda. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 6(3), 298–308.

Shamika, R. 2010. Entrepreneurship Development in the Micro Small and Medium Enterprise Sector in India: A Policy Analysis (March 3, 2010). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1564092.

Rena, R., Kefela, G. T. 2007. Poverty and Microfinance in Eritrea - A Discourse. The Global Journal of Finance and Economics, 4(2) 147-161.

Sage, G. 1993. Entrepreneurship as an Economic Development Strategy. Economic Development Review 11(2), 66–67.

Schmitz, J. A. 1989. Imitation, Entrepreneurship, and Long-Run Growth. Journal of Political Economy 97(3), 721–739.

Schumpeter, J.A. 1934. The Theory of Economic Development. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Schumpeter, J. A. 1942. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (Harper, New York and London).

Schumpeter, J. A. 2017. Theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle. Routledge.

Shapero, A. 1985. Why Entrepreneurship? A Worldwide Perspective. Journal of Small Business Management, 23, 1–5.

Smart, A. and J. Smart. 2005. Petty Capitalists and Globalization: Flexibility, Entrepreneurship, and Economic Development. State University of New York Press.

Suganthi, J. 2009. Influence of motivational factors on women entrepreneurs in SMEs. Asia Pacific Business Review, 5(1), 95-104.

Teddlie, C., & Tashakkori, A. 2003. Major issues and controversies in the use of mixed methods in the social and behavioral sciences. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds), Handbook of mixed methods in social & behavioral research 3–50.

Teddlie, C., & Yu, F. 2007. Mixed methods sampling a typology with examples. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(1), 77–100.

Timmons, J. A., & Spinelli, S. 2008. New venture creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21st century (8th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.

Tiwari, N. 2017. Women Entrepreneurship in India: A Literature Review. Amity Journal of Entrepreneurship, 2(1), 47-60.

Weber, M. 1947. The Theory of Social and Economic Organization. New York: Free Press.

Yildiz, M. 2014. The effects of organizational culture on corporate entrepreneurship. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(2), 35–44.




How to Cite

Pandey, A. “Evaluation of Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Program (SVEP) in Samnapur Block of Madhya Pradesh”. International Journal of Management and Development Studies, vol. 12, no. 01, Jan. 2023, pp. 17-32, doi:10.53983/ijmds.v12n01.003.