India’s Maternal and Child Health Scenario: Evidence from ICDS


  • Jashasya Rout Research Scholar, Department of Analytical & Applied Economics, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Odisha, Pin -751004



ICDS, Maternal Health, Child Health, NFHS, India


The ICDS programme launched by the central government tries to address the problems of maternal and child mortality, morbidity and malnourishment by assisting with development of children and mothers especially from rural and backward areas leading to human capital development and benefiting the economy as a whole.

The present paper attempts: a) To present an overview of maternal and child health status in India b) To study the utilisation of ICDS services in India. The study is based on secondary sources of data collected from NFHS 3 and NFHS 4. The results show betterment in the selected maternal and child health indicators for the period under study. The trends in coverage of ICDS services show a positive shift yet there is room for improvement and transformation.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Jashasya Rout, Research Scholar, Department of Analytical & Applied Economics, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Odisha, Pin -751004

Miss Jashasya Rout, earned her Bachelor's degree in Economics from BJB Autonomous College in Odisha, India, and her Master's degree in Applied and Analytical Economics from Utkal University in Odisha, India. She is now pursuing her Doctorate in Economics from Utkal University. She has been awarded a research fellowship from the State Higher Education Council's Odisha University Research and Innovation Incentivization Plan (OURIIP). Health Economics, Gender Studies, and Early Child Development are among her areas of research interest.


Ali, Balhasan, and Shekhar Chauhan. "Inequalities in the utilisation of maternal health care in rural India:Evidences from National Family Health Survey III & IV." BMC Public Health 20.1 (2020): 1-13.

Balachander, Jayshree. "World bank support for early childhood development: Case studies from Kenya, India, and the Philippines." Food and Nutrition Bulletin 20.1 (1999): 136-145.

Dixit, Priyanka, et al. "Impact evaluation of integrated child development services in rural

India: Propensity score matching analysis." SAGE Open 8.2 (2018):


Kandpal, Eeshani. "Beyond average treatment effects: distribution of child nutrition outcomes and program placement in India’s ICDS." World Development 39.8 (2011): 1410-1421.

Konantambigi, Rajani M. "Concerns of childhood in India." Global Studies of Childhood 1.1 (2011): 79-83.

Lokshin, Michael, et al. "Improving child nutrition? The integrated child development services inIndia." Development and Change 36.4 (2005): 613-640. Retrieved June 21, 2021, from

Aayog, N. I. T. I. "A quick evaluation study of Anganwadis under ICDS." (2015).

Rajpal, Sunil, et al. "Utilization of integrated child development services in India: programmatic insights from national family health survey, 2016." International Journal of Environmental Researchand Public Health 17.9 (2020): 3197.

Ramani, K. V., et al. "Why should 5000 children die in India every day? Major causes and Managerial challenges." (2010).

Rout, Himanshu Sekhar. "Gender and Household Health Expenditure in Odisha, India." Journal of Health Management 12.4 (2010): 445-460.

Rout, Sarit Kumar. "Health sector reforms in orissa: The disconnecting paths." Journal of Health Management 12.3 (2010): 305-325.

Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran, et al. "Awareness and Uptake of Maternal and Child Health Benefit SchemesAmong the Women Attending a District Hospital in Coastal South India." Journal of Health Management 22.1 (2020): 14-24.




How to Cite

Rout, J. “India’s Maternal and Child Health Scenario: Evidence from ICDS”. International Journal of Management and Development Studies, vol. 11, no. 10, Oct. 2022, pp. 10-23, doi:10.53983/ijmds.v11n10.002.